Abundant Mercy

1Peter 1:3-5 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy has begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fade not away, reserved in heaven for you, Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. 

‘God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ’ God are both the Father and God of Jesus Christ. He is not Jesus Christ. It is clear in Scripture that there are three separate and distinct persons in the Godhead.

‘Begotten us again’ the Greek word anagennao meaning to beget anew. It is used both times by Peter (1:3, 23). It certainly teaches begetting more than once. The word “again” proves this fact (1Pet. 1:3; John 3:3, 7; Gal. 4:19). Man was created in union with God and in God’s grace and favour. He fell from this position and has to be born again to get back into God’s grace (John 3:3, 7). After one is born again he is warned not to build again the things he once destroyed (Gal. 2:18); not to turn again to sin (Gal. 4:9); not to be entangled again with the yoke of bondage (Gal. 5:1); not to be overcome again with the pollutions of the world (2Pet. 2:20-22), and not to lay again the foundation of repentance and service to God (Heb. 6:1). If men do not heed these warnings and do these things again, he falls away and is in a backslidden condition (Rev. 3:15-19). There is nothing made but what can be revived, restored, recast, refinished, rebuilt, reanimated, refashioned, and remade be proper and skilled workmen. Therefore the Almighty God can restore us or ‘begotten us again.’

Peter is a good example, as he was once converted, confessing Jesus as the Son of God and the Christ, which brings the new birth (1Jn. 5:1; Matt. 16:16). He even had the power to preach and heal and had the Spirit in him (Matt. 10:1-20). Jesus predicted his backsliding and reconversion (Luke 22:31-34), proving that a converted man can and must be reconverted if he sins as Peter did in Matthew 26:69-75.

‘Lively hope by the resurrection’ the hope of living again by resurrection (John 14:2-3; 1Thess. 4:17).

‘To an inheritance incorruptible …’ the first New Testament prophecy in 1Peter that is unfulfilled. ‘Inheritance’ the Greek word kleronomia meaning a possession (1:4; Matt. 21:38; Mark 12:7; Luke 12:13; 20:14; Acts7:5; 20:32).  ‘Incorruptible’ the Greek word aphthartos meaning immortal.

‘Undefiled’ here we have the five-fold character and position of Jesus Christ: He is holy (Heb. 7:26; 1Pet. 2:22); harmless, the Greek word akakos meaning without evil.  He is undefiled meaning that He had no physical imperfection and nothing low, base, or unbecoming in His life and conduct. He kept Himself separate from sinners (Heb. 7:26). He lived a perfect life not being unequally yoked together with sinners in their sinful ways (2Cor. 6:14 – 7:1). He was made higher than the heavens. He was more exalted than angels and all other created beings of heaven (Heb. 7:26; Eph. 1:20-23; Php. 2:9-11; 1Pet. 3:22).

‘Kept’ the Greek word phroureo meaning garrison; guard; keep; defend. There are ten secrets given for the cure of worry in God’s Word: Permit the peace of God to garrison or keep your heart and mind through Jesus Christ (Php. 4:7). Renounce all worry; then by prayer, supplication, and thanksgiving, make all requests known to God (Php. 4:6; Jas. 4:7). Think on the right things (Php. 4:8). Keep your mind stayed on God (Isa. 26:3). Use the weapons of spiritual warfare (2Cor. 10:4-6). Put on the whole armour of God (Eph. 6:10-18). Have faith in God (Matt. 6:25-34; 7:7-11; 17:20; 21:22; Mark 11:22-24). Live and walk in the Spirit (Gal. 5:16-26; Rom. 6:14-23; 8:1-13). Do not cast away confidence (Heb. 3:6, 12-14; 6:11-12; 10:19-23, 35-39). Cast all your cares upon God (1Pet. 5:7).

‘Salvation’ – here the threefold salvation of the believer is explained: The believer now has salvation and is saved from all sin (Luke 19:9; Acts 4:12; Rom. 1:16; 10:9-10; 2Cor. 6:2; Eph. 1:14; 2Thess. 2:13; 1Jn. 1:9); the believer is being kept from sin as he walks in the light (Php. 2:12; 2Tim. 3:15; Tit. 2:11-12; Heb. 2:3; 6:9; 1Jn. 1:7); the believer will eventually be saved from all the fall (Rom. 13:11; 1Thess. 5:9; Heb. 5:9; 9:28; 1Pet. 1:5, 9, 13).

‘Ready to be revealed in the last time’ we see the future blessings of salvation throughout the Word of God: Redemption of the body (Rom. 8:23); redemption of all creatures (Rom. 8:19-24; Acts 13:47; Isa. 11:6-9); unforfeitable eternal life (Matt. 19:29; Mark 10:30; Luke 18:30; Gal. 6:7-8); final defeat of satan (Isa. 24:21-22; 25:7-8; Rev. 12:10; 20:1-10); all rebellion put down and cancellation of the curse (1Cor. 15:24-28; Rev. 22:3); uniting of heaven and earth (Eph. 1:10); complete removal of sin, sickness, death, and all effects of rebellion (1Cor. 15:24-28; Rev. 21:3-5); renewal of the heavens and earth to a perfect state (Rom. 8:19-25; Heb. 1:10-12; 12:25-28; Rev. 21-22; 2Pet. 3:10-13); eternal continuation of natural people, animals, and all things as would have been if man had not sinned (Gen. 8:22; 9:12; Isa. 11:6-9; 65:20-25; Rom. 8:20-25); eternal kingdom of Christ and of God on earth (Isa. 9:6-7; Dan. 2:44-45; 7:13-14; Luke 1:32-33; Rev. 11:15; 22:4-5).

Born of God

1John 5:18-21 We know that whosoever is born of God sin not; but he that is begotten of God keep himself, and that wicked one touches him not. And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in wickedness. And we know that the Son of God is come, and has given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life. Little children, keep yourselves from idols. Amen. 

‘We know that whosoever is born of God’ for those who accept Christ as their Saviour and live their lives according to His earthly example (1Pet. 2:21-23) as they grow in love, knowledge and judgement (Php. 1:9) and are filled by joy and the Holy Spirit (Acts 13:52).

‘Born of God’ many Scriptures say that when one is born again and in Christ, he “receives power to become a son of God” (1:12); he has “crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts” (Gal. 5:24); “his sins are blotted out” (Acts 3:19); “he is washed, sanctified, and justified” (1 Cor. 6:9-11; Rev. 1:5); “he has turned from darkness to light and from the power of satan to the power of God” (Acts 26:18); “he has salvation” (Rom. 1:16; 2 Thess. 2:13); “he is created in righteousness and true holiness” (Eph. 4:22-24); “he is God’s elect” (Eph. 1:7; 1 Pet. 1:2-4; Col. 3:12); and “he departs from all iniquity” (2 Tim. 2:4, 19-22).

‘Sins not’ does not practice sin (2:29; 3:5-10), live therein (Rom. 6) or give approval thereof (Rom. 1:32).

‘The wicked one touches him not’ the devil has no access to those who are born of God and keep (prevent) themselves from sin. Only by allowing sin can the devil bring destruction (3:8-10; John 8:44; 10:10). We are warned in Scripture to be sober and vigilant because the devil walks around like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour, thus he needs access. Therefore we need to resist him and be steadfast in our faith (1Pet 5:8-9) and to be strong in the Lord, and in the power of His might by putting on the whole armour of God, that we may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil (Eph. 6:10-18).

‘Wickedness’ the wicked one. The whole world is embraced in the arms of the devil and is more or less asleep in death in trespasses and sins (Eph. 2:1-9).

‘Come’ has come in the flesh (4:2-3), and has brought redemption by His atoning work (1Pet. 2:24; Col. 1:20-22). ‘Understanding’ it comes before faith and redemption (Rom. 10:17; 1Cor. 1:30).

‘This is the true God, and eternal life’ eternal life is to know God and Jesus Christ (John 17:2-3).

‘Little children’ a term used nine times in this epistle (2:1, 12, 13, 18, 28; 3:7, 18; 4:4, 21). It is used elsewhere only in John 13:33 and Galatians 4:19. There are four stages of Christian experience: infants; newborn (1Jn. 2:12); little children; those able to walk and talk (1Jn. 2:13); young men; those grown to the prime of life and no longer tossed about like children by fallacies (1Jn. 2:13-14); fathers; those who are matured in the Lord (1Jn. 2:13-14).

‘Keep yourselves from idols’ avoid idolatry, false gods, and have no idols in your hearts and lives. Love God first and last (Matt. 22:37). We read in 2Peter 2:19b what idolatry cost: “…for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.” This is the cost of sin, bondage. Whatever you chose to serve, of that you shall be in bondage.

Agree in One

1John 5:8-12 And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one. If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he has testified of his Son. He that believes on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believes not God has made him a liar; because he believes not the record that God gave of his Son. And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. He that has the Son has life; and he that has not the Son of God has not life. 

‘Three’ there are three witnesses of humanity and sonship: The Holy Spirit descending upon Jesus at His water baptism (Matt. 3:13-17). The water – a threefold witness: (1) Water baptism symbolizing His own death, burial, and resurrection (Matt. 3:13-17); (2) Water of the Word bearing witness to the incarnation (Isa. 7:14; 9:6-7; Matt. 1:23; Luke 1:34-35); (3) Water and blood at the crucifixion testifying of His humanity (John 19:34). The third witness is the blood, testifying not only the humanity and sonship of Jesus Christ but guaranteeing redemption from sin (Matt. 26:28; Acts 20:28; Eph. 1:14; Col. 1:20-22; Heb. 9:14-26; 10:1-23; 1Jn. 1:7).

‘Agree in one’ agree to the one point of the humanity and sonship of Jesus (4:1-6; 5:5-9).

‘If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater; for this is the witness of God which he has testified of his Son’ if we receive witness of sinful men who can so easily deceive, we should gladly receive the witness of God who cannot possibly deceive. God’s witness of His Son is greater than all men.

‘He that believes on the Son of God has the witness in himself’ every believer has a personal witness from God to his faith (Rom. 8:14-16; Gal. 5:6; 2Cor. 5:17).

‘He that believes not God has made him a liar; because he believes not the record that God gave of his Son’ every unbeliever receives the fruit of his own rejection of God (John 3:36).

‘And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life’ – eternal life in Jesus Christ is the great truth of which the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit, the water, and the blood bear testimony.

‘This life is in his Son’ eternal life is only in Jesus. All who are in Him have this eternal life and all out of Him do not have it. Blessings in Jesus Christ: No condemnation (Rom. 8:1); freedom from the law of sin and death (Rom. 8:2); the love of God (Rom. 8:39); truth (Rom. 9:1); union in one body (Rom. 12:5); wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, and redemption (1Cor. 1:30; Rom. 3:24); resurrection of the body (1Cor. 15:22); triumph (2Cor. 2:14); abolishment of the Old Testament law; new creation (2Cor. 5:17); simplicity (2Cor. 11:3); liberty (Gal. 2:4); sonship (Gal. 3:26); brought close to God (Eph. 2:13); high calling (Php. 3:14); faith and love (1Tim. 1:14; 3:13); grace (2Tim. 2:1); salvation (2Tim. 2:10); eternal life (5:11; 2Tim. 1:1); preservation (Jude 1:1).

The Trinity

1 John 5:7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.

‘Three are one’ the only sense three can be one is in unity, as is clear in John 17:11, 17:21-23. See other scriptural uses of the word one (Gen. 2:24; 11:6; 1Cor. 3:6-8; 12:13; Eph. 2:14; Heb. 2:11). Three persons cannot be one person in number in any sense, but the three can be one in unity.

There are over 500 plain scriptures that refer to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, as being Three Separate and Distinct Persons, each with His own personal body, soul, and spirit in the sense that all other persons have them. Plural pronouns are used of God (Gen. 1:26; 3:22; 11:7; Ps. 2:3; Isa. 6:8). Elohim, the Hebrew word for God in 2,700 places, is a uni-plural noun, meaning Gods and is so translated 239 times.

Two persons called God are referred to in the Old Testament in: the Pentateuch (Genesis 1:26; 3:22; 11:7; 19:24; Exodus 14:19; 23:20-23; 32:34; 33:1-3; Numbers 20:16; Deuteronomy 18:15-19). The historical books (Joshua 5:13-15; Judges 2:1-5). The term, “the angel of the Lord” means “the angel from the Lord.” The Lord is one person and the angel that comes from Him is another person. Both persons are divine, for the angel proves to be God in many of these passages, and certainly, the Lord who sends the angel is another divine person. Also, “the Spirit of the Lord” means “the Spirit from the Lord.” The Lord is one divine person and the Spirit, the Holy Spirit, from the Lord is another divine person (Judges 3:10; 6:34; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6, 19; 15:14; 1 Samuel 10:6; 16:13-14; 2 Samuel 23:2; etc.). The same is true of the “Spirit of God” which is the Holy Spirit who was the agent of God and spoke by the mouths of the prophets since the world began (Acts. 3:21; Heb. 1:1-2; 2 Pet. 1:21). The poetical books (Psalms 2:1-12; 8:3-6 with 2:5-8; 16:8-11; 22:1-31; 34:20; 45:6-7; 68:18; 69:8-9; 89:27; 110:1-5; 118:26; 119:97-104; 132:11, 17; Proverbs 30:4). The prophetical books (Isaiah 7:14; 8:18 with 2:12-13; 9:6-7; 11:1-5; 42:1-7; 49:1-12; 50:4-11; 52:13-15; 53:1-12; 55:4-5; 63:1-10; Jeremiah 23:5-8; Ezekiel 33:15-18; 34:29; Daniel 7:9-14; Hosea 11:1; Micah 5:1-6; Habakkuk 2:7; Zechariah 6:12-13; 12:10; 13:6, 7; Malachi 3:1-3).

Two persons called God are referred to in the New Testament in: The Gospels (Matthew 1:18-20; 2:6, 15, 22; 5:44-48; 6:1-18; 7:21; 9:38; 10:32-33, 40; 11:10, 25-27; 12:18, 28, 31-32, 50; 14:33; 15:13; 16:27; 17:5; 18:10, 19, 35; 19:17; 20:23; 21:9, 16; 22:21, 42; 23:8-10, 39; 26:29, 39, 42, 44, 53, 63-64; 27:43, 46; Mark 1:2, 8, 12, 24; 2:7; 3:11; 5:7; 8:38; 9:7; 11:25-26; 12:27; 14:36, 62, 15:34, 39; 16:19; Luke 1:32-33; 2:11-14, 22, 38, 40, 49-52; 3:16; 4:1-14, 18, 41; 7:27; 10:21-22; 11:13; 12:5-10, 32; 13:55; 16:13; 19:38; 20:35, 38, 39-44; 22:29; John 1:1-3, 5, 14, 18, 29, 36; 2:16-17; 3:2, 16-17; 4:10; 5:17-45; 6:27-65; 7:16-18, 28-29, 33-39; 8:14-56; 9:3-5, 33; 10:15-18, 25-38; 11:4, 22, 27, 41-42; 12:26-28, 44-50; 13:1-3, 20, 31-32; 4:1-31; 15:1-25; 16:3-32; 17:1-26; 18:11; 20:17-23, 31). The book of Acts (1:16; 2:22-39; 3:7-26; 7:59-60; 9:3; 13:17-41; 16:6-34; 17:18-31; 18:5, 24-28; 19:1-7; 22:14; 26:8-9, 18-23; 28:23-31). The Pauline Epistles (Romans 1:7-10, 16; 2:16; 3:22-26; 4:24; 5:1-21; 6:3-23; 7:25; 8:29-34; 14:10-12; 15:5-7; 16:20-27; 1Corinthians 1:1-9, 14-30; 3:9-15; 4:1-21; 5:1-13; 8:4-6; 10:4-31; 11:3; 14:2-33; 15:15, 24-28, 57; 2Corinthians 1:1-23; 2:17; 4:2-15, 5:18-21, 8:1-19; 9:7-15; 10:1-14; 11:1-11, 31; 12:1-12, 19-21; 13:4-7; Gal. 1:1-12, 15-24; 2:16-21; 3:13-29; 5:1-6; 6:14-18; Ephesians 1:1-2; Philippians 1:26-30; 2:12-16; 3:3, 14; 4:5-23; Colossians 1:1-2, 12-28; 2:2-3:17; 4:3-12; 1Thessalonians 2:1-18; 3:8-13; 4:13-18; 2Thessalonians 1:1-12; 2:1-12; 3:1-18; 1Timothy 1:1-2, 11-17; 2:3-7; 5:21; 6:1-17; 2Timothy 1:1-2; 2:1-26; 3:12-17; 4:1-2, 8-22; Titus 1:1-4, 7-16; 2:1-13; Philemon 1-25; Hebrews 1:1-14, 2:5-18; 4:4-16; 5:1-14; 6:7-20; 7:1-26; 8:1-13; 9:24; 10:5-9, 19-23; 10:5-9, 19-23; 11:25-26; 12:2-3, 22-24; 13:4-21). The General Epistles (James 1:1; 2:1-5; 1Peter 1:5-9; 2:3-25; 4:1-11; 5:1-14; 2Peter 1:1-2, 2:1-4; 1John 1:1-7; 2:1-2, 22-25; 3:1-3, 8-10; 4:9-10; 5:1, 20-21; 2John 2; Jude 1, 4). Revelation (1:1-2; 2:7, 10-11, 16-18, 28-29; 3:14-16; 4:5-8; 5:1-11; 6:16-17; 7:9-17; 11:15; 12:10, 14-19; 15:1-4; 17:14-17; 19:1-21; 20:4-6; 21:2-14, 22-23; 22:1-21).

Three persons are clearly referred to in Psalm 45:6-17; Isaiah 10:20 – 12:6; 42:1-7; 48:16; 59:15-21; 61:1-3 with Luke 4:18-21; 63:9-10; Zechariah 3:8-9, 12:10 – 13:1. Three persons called God are referred to in the New Testament in: The Gospels (Matthew 1:20-25; 3:9-17; 4:1-11; 12:18-21; 22:42-46; 28:19-20; Mark 1:10-11; 12:35-37; Luke 1:32-35, 67-80; 2:25-35, 38; 3:22; 11:9-13; 24:49; John 1:31-34; 3:34-36; 14:16-21, 23-26; 15:26; 16:7-17; 20:21-23). The book of Acts (1:1-8; 2:17-21, 33-39; 4:8-12, 24-31; 5:30-32; 6:1-15; 7:1-53; 7:54-56; 8:5-23, 29-39; 9:5-20; 10:2-48; 11:15-25; 13:2-12, 46-52; 15:7-29; 18:24-28; 20:21-35). The Pauline Epistles (Romans 4:1-4; 5:1-5; 8:1-27; 9:1-5; 14:17-18; 15:8-30; 1Corinthians 2:1-15; 3:16-23; 6:9-19; 7:22-24, 40; 12:1-29; 2Corinthians 1:18-23; 3:3-18; 5: 1-10; 6:1-18; 13:14; Galatians 3:1-11; 4:7; 5:16-26; 6:2-8; Eph. 1:3-21; 4:3-32; 5:1-21, 6:6-24; Philippians 1:1-19; 2:1-11; Colossians 1:3-8; 1Thessalonians 1:1-10; 4:1-18; 5:9-28; 2Thessalonians 2:13-17; 1Timothy 3:15-16; 4:1-10; 2Timothy 1:6-14; Titus 3:4-7; Hebrews 2:1-14; 3:1-12; 6:1-6; 9:6-14; 10:10-18, 26-31). The General Epistles (1Peter 1:1-4, 10-25; 3:15-22; 4:13-19; 2Peter 1:16-21; 1John 3:23-24; 4:2-3, 12-16; 5:5-11; Jude 20-21). Revelation (1:4-6, 9-10; 3:1-13, 21-22; 4:1-3; 5:1-10; 11:3-13; 14:12-13; 19:1-10; 22:16-21).

Thus the whole Bible abundantly proves that there are three separate persons in the Godhead, or in the “one Lord” and “one God” or Deity; that these three are in absolute unity and “are one” as believers are supposed to be (John 17:11, 21-23); and that all three persons have their proper place in the creation and redemption of all things, and to each, we owe honour and respect in all our worship and service to the Godhead.

The Spirit is Truth

1 John 5:6 This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that bears witness, because the Spirit is truth. 

‘By water and blood’ (1John 5:8) the water is a threefold witness: (1) Water baptism symbolizing Jesus own death, burial, and resurrection (Matt. 3:13-17); (2) The water of the Word bearing witness to the incarnation (Isa. 7:14; 9:6-7; Matt. 1:23; Luke 1:34-35); (3) Water and blood at the crucifixion testifying of His humanity (John 19:34). The blood, testifying not only the humanity and sonship of Jesus Christ but guaranteeing redemption from sin (Matt. 26:28; Acts 20:28; Eph. 1:14; Col. 1:20-22; Heb. 9:14-26; 10:1-23; 1Jn. 1:7).

‘And it is the Spirit that bears witness’ many examples are given in Scripture that the Spirit witnesses of Jesus: By guiding Simeon to Jesus to declare His Messiahship when He was still a babe (Luke 2:27-32). By training Jesus in His growth to maturity (Luke 2:40-52; Isa. 50:4-5). By descending upon Him, confirming His Messiahship (Matt. 3:16; John 1:31-33). By anointing Him to fulfil the prophets (Matt. 12:18 with Isa. 11:2; 42:1-7; Luke 4:16-21 and Acts 10:38 with Isa. 61:1-2). By the transfiguration of Christ, demonstrating His earthly kingship (Matt. 16:28; 17:1-9; 2Pet. 1:16-21). By enabling Christ to offer Himself as a ransom for all (Heb. 9:14). By the resurrection of Jesus and His triumph over death, hell, and the grave (1Pet. 3:18-19; Acts 2:24-32; Rom. 1:4). By the Spirit’s descent at Pentecost, confirming the ascension and exaltation of Jesus Christ (John 7:37-39; Acts 2:33-36). By fulfilling the prophecies of Jesus in men chosen to represent the Messiah (John 14:16-17, 26; 15:26; 16:7-15; Acts 2:1-47; Heb. 2:1-4; Mark 16:15-20). By giving personal witness to everyone who believes in Jesus Christ (John 3:16; Rom. 8:9-16; Gal. 4:6). By a written record of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and of the new covenant that all believers should adhere to (Acts 1:1-2; 1Cor. 2:10; 2Tim. 3:16-17; 2Pet. 3:16).

‘The Spirit that bears witness … is truth’ the Holy Spirit is called the Spirit of Truth (John 14:17; 15:26) because He testifies of Jesus (John 15:26), who is the Truth (John 1:17; 5:33; 8:32; 14:6).

The true manifestation of the Holy Spirit will be earmarked by the following clear-cut rules and Christian principles: A Christ-like spirit of love, patience, and faith in God (Gal. 5:21-22). Soberness and a lion-like keenness of spirit (2 Tim. 1:7; 1 Cor. 12:1-11). Deep humility of heart and meekness of spirit, with courage against sin, sickness, poverty, disease, discouragement, failure, and every other thing that could cause defeat in the Christian life (Acts 1:8; 10:38; Rom. 8:1-13; Gal. 5:16-26). An absolute clearness of the mental faculties in intelligent action to carry out Biblical instructions concerning known duty in the personal life as a Christian (1 Cor. 14:32; 2 Tim. 1:7). Freedom from all fault-finding, surmising, whispering, or slander to anyone, and freedom from all the works of the flesh that are listed in Romans 1:29-32; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; Galatians 5:19-21; Mark 7:19-21. The lack of any condemning and judging spirit, or seeking to hurt anyone by thought, word, or deed. All divine readings will be for the edification and betterment of all concerned and will be in accord with the golden rule (1 Cor. 13; Eph. 4:22-32; 5:1-18). Freedom from any ignorance concerning the divine will at the moment. All acts of God will be primarily for the liberation of men from sin, for the deliverance of the body from pain, sickness, and want, or for some other good thing that someone needs to have done for him (Acts 10:38). All work of the devil tends to blind, cause sin, discouragement, lack of faith, and failure in life (John 10:10).

Overcome the World

1John 5:4-5 For whatsoever is born of God overcome the world: and this is the victory that overcome the world, even our faith. Who is he that overcomes the world, but he that believes that Jesus is the Son of God? 

‘Born of God’ many Scriptures say that when one is born again and in Christ, he “receives power to become a son of God” (1:12); he has “crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts” (Gal. 5:24); “his sins are blotted out” (Acts 3:19); “he is washed, sanctified, and justified” (1 Cor. 6:9-11; Rev. 1:5); “he has turned from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to the power of God” (Acts 26:18); “he has salvation” (Rom. 1:16; 2 Thess. 2:13); “he is created in righteousness and true holiness” (Eph. 4:22-24); “he is God’s elect” (Eph. 1:7; 1 Pet. 1:2-4; Col. 3:12); and “he departs from all iniquity” (2 Tim. 2:4, 19-22).

‘Overcome the world’ eight blessings of the new birth in 1 John: Power to do righteousness (2:29); actual sonship (3:1-3; 1 John 8:10); freedom from sin (2:9; 5:18); love for the brethren (3:14-18; 4:7-8; 5:1); love for God (4:19; 5:1-3); power to keep the New Testament commandments (John 1:12; 14:15; 15:14); power to overcome the world (5:4-5); freedom from satan (5:18).

‘Our faith’ blessings of faith are given as follow: Physical healing (Matt. 8:10; Acts 3:16); protection (Matt. 8:26; 14:31); daily food (Matt. 16:8-10); forgiveness (Luke 7:50; Rom. 3:25); miracles (Acts 6:8; Gal. 3:5); heart purity (Acts 15:9); sanctification (Acts 26:18); righteousness (Rom. 3:22; 9:30); justification (Rom. 3:28-31; 4:1-25; 5:1; Gal. 2:16; 3:8, 24); sonship (Gal. 3:26); salvation (Acts 4:12; Eph. 2:8-9); renewal of youth (Rom. 4:17-20); stability (1Cor. 16:13; 2Cor. 1:24); Christian living (2Cor. 5:7; Heb. 10:1-39); Holy Spirit (Gal. 3:2, 14); works of power (1Thess. 1:3; 2Thess. 1:11); Christ indwelling (Eph. 3:17); baptism into Christ (Col. 2:12); Godly edifying (1Tim. 1:4); boldness (1Tim. 3:13); assurance (Heb. 10:22); good profession (Heb. 10:23); patience (Jas. 1:3; 1Pet. 1:7); inheritance (Jas. 2:5); power to resist satan (1Pet. 5:9); victory over the world (1Jn. 5:4); edification (Jude 1:20); many faith exploits (Heb. 11).

Ten faith promises are for those who choose to live by faith: Nothing impossible (Matt. 17:20); all things (Matt. 21:21); whatever we say (Mark 11:22-24); salvation (Acts 4:12; 1Pet. 1:5-13); daily necessities (Matt. 6:1-34; Luke 12:28); victory in Christian living (Rom. 1:17); access to God (Rom. 5:2); Holy Spirit (Gal. 3:14); promises fulfilled (Heb. 6:12) and physical healing (Jas. 5:14-16).

‘He that believes that Jesus is the Son of God’ let everyone who names the name of Christ depart from iniquity and contend for the fullness of power and faith that is promised those who believe the Gospel of Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God.

No Fear in Love

1John 4:18-21 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear: because fear has torment. He that fears is not made perfect in love. We love him, because he first loved us. If a man say, I love God, and hates his brother, he is a liar: for he that loves not his brother whom he has seen, how can he love God whom he has not seen? And this commandment have we from him, That he who loves God love his brother also. 

‘Fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear’ the ingredients of perfect love are given to us in 1Corinthians 13:4-7, they are: Patience – love passive: no hurry; suffers long; bears, believes, hopes, and endures all things; kindness – love in action: never acts rashly or insolently; not inconsistent, puffed up, or proud; generosity – love in competition: not envious or jealous; humility – love in hiding: no parade; no airs; works then retires; courtesy – love in society: does not behave unseemly; always polite; at home with all classes; never rude or discourteous; unselfishness – love in essence: never selfish, sour, or bitter; seek only good of others; does not retaliate or seek revenge; good temper – love in disposition: never irritated; never resentful; righteousness – love in conduct: hates sin; never glad when others go wrong; always gladdened by goodness to others; always slow to expose; always eager to believe the best; always hopeful, always enduring; sincerity – love in profession: never boastful and conceited; not a hypocrite; always honest; leaves no impression but what is strictly true; never self-assertive; does not blaze out in passionate anger, nor brood over wrongs; always just, joyful, and truthful; knows how to be silent; full of trust; always present.

‘He that fears is not made perfect in love’ all forms of fear is sin and deadly to any person (Job 3:25; 2Tim. 1:7, etc.) and the one who dreads judgment has a reason to fear. His love is not perfect. He must purify himself, as in 1John 1:7; 3:1-10; 5:1-18. One should have Godly fear (Ps. 2:11; 15:4; 19:9; 34:7-11; 85:9; 103:11; Pro. 1:7; 3:7; 8:13; 14:27; 2Cor. 7:1). The ungodly do not have this kind of fear (Ps. 36:1; 55:19; Rom. 3:18).

‘He is a liar’ six liars are mentioned in 1John: Those who say… they have fellowship with God and still walk in darkness (1:6); they have no sin (1:8); they have not sinned (1:10); they are Christians and do not keep the New Testament commandments (2:4); there is no God or Jesus Christ or denies what Christ did through His first coming (2:22); they are Christians and still hate men (4:20).

Love Made Perfect

1John 4:16-17 And we have known and believed the love that God has to us. God is love; and he that dwells in love dwells in God, and God in him. Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment: because as he is, so are we in this world. 

‘God is love’ the phrase “God is love” does not constitute the being of God. It must be understood in the same sense that we understand God is light, God is good, God is a Spirit, God is a consuming fire, and other statements about Him. In the same sense, we understand that Jesus is the way, the truth, and the life, or the door (John 10:9; 14:6). These expressions don’t do away with the reality and personality of God and Christ.

‘And he that dwells in love dwells in God, and God in him’ without [agape] love we cannot be in union with God, nor can He be with us. We must have knowledge of Him – through His Word only – and then implement this knowledge in our day-to-day life so we can experience His judgement (consequences), only then will our love for Him grows (Php. 1:9).

‘Herein is our love made perfect’ by God dwelling in us, by our dwelling in Him, by having the fullness of love in our lives, and by the perfection of that love in daily manifestation, we may have boldness in the Day of Judgment. This is possible because we are like God – holy, pure, loving, good, and true – in this world (Tit. 2:11-12).

‘Day of judgment’ this is the 5th and last New Testament prophecy in 1 John. Christians will be judged at the judgment seat of Christ (1Cor. 3:11-15). Sinners will be judged at the great white throne over 1,000 years later (Rev. 20:11-15).

‘As he is’ what a rebuke to those who hold that men cannot live victorious over the world, the flesh, and the devil (Matt. 5:48; Rom. 6:14-23)!

He Loved Us

1John 4:7-10 Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that love is born of God, and knows God. He that loves not knows not God; for God is love. In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. 

‘Let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that love is born of God, and knows God’ there are many reasons for us to love others: First, to prove that we are of God (4:7); it proves sonship (4:7; 5:1-2) and proof of knowing God (4:7-8). Because God is love and we should imitate Him as children of God (4:8, 16). He has imparted love to us (4:9; Rom. 5:5) and has sent His Son to make it possible (4:9; 1Pet. 2:21) that we might live (4:9-10, 14).  Because God first loved us (4:10, 19) and we’ve been loved and forgiven so much (4:10; John 3:16). It is our duty (4:11). God loved us when we were unlovable (4:11; Rom. 5:6-10). God dwells in [in union] us (4:12) and God’s love is perfected in us (4:12) because of the indwelling Spirit (4:13).  We believe in love (4:16) and we dwell in God (4:16) and we are like Him (4:17). It proves we love God (4:20); it is a command (4:21; 5:2); it is natural as sons of God (5:1-2).

‘God is love’ the phrase “God is love” does not constitute the being of God. It must be understood in the same sense that we understand God is light, God is good, God is a Spirit, God is a consuming fire, and other statements about Him. In the same sense, we understand that Jesus is the way, the truth, and the life, or the door (John 10:9; 14:6). These expressions don’t do away with the reality and personality of God and Christ.

‘In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten son into the world, that we might live through him’ the giving of God’s only begotten Son is the fullest proof of the infinite love of God and that all men can find full mercy (4:9-10; John 3:16).

‘Not that we loved God, but that he loved us’ our love to God did not induce God to give His Son to die for us. It was God’s love, not our merit, that caused Him to undertake our redemption from slavery to sin and satan, and from eternal hell (Rom. 5:5-11). ‘Propitiation for our sins’ the atoning sacrifice for sins.

Test the Spirits

1John 4:1-3 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Hereby know you the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesses not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof you have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world. 

‘Beloved’ the Greek word agapetos meaning dearly beloved: worthy of love. ‘Spirit’ the Greek word pneuma, the equivalent to the Hebrew: ruwach. The primary meaning of both words is an invisible force. The spirit of man is the intellect, will, mind, conscience, and other invisible faculties that make him a free moral agent and a rational being. “Pneuma” is used of God as Spirit (John 4:24; 2Cor. 3:17); Christ (1Cor. 6:17; 15:45); the Holy Spirit (Matt. 1:18, 20; 3:11, 16 – altogether of Him over 240 times); Christ’s personal spirit (Mark 2:8; 8:12; Luke 2:40; John 11:33; 19:30); angels (Heb. 1:7, 14; Ps. 104:4); spirits of men (Matt. 5:3; 1Cor. 2:11; 6:20; 1Thess. 5:23; Heb. 4:12; 12:23); evil spirits (Matt. 8:16; 10:1; 12:43; Acts 8:7; 16:16; Rev. 16:13; 18:2); the resurrection body (1Cor. 15:44).

‘Try’ the Greek word dokimazo meaning test. The reason here given is because of many false teachers going abroad. These are Biblical ways to test false prophets: By their confession of Jesus life in the flesh (4:2-3); their relationship with the world (2:15-17; 4:5; Jas. 4:4); how they receive Christianity (4:6); their attitude toward the commandments of God (3:20-24; 4:6; John 14:15); love of the brethren (3:11-16; 4:7-21; John 13:34-35; 15:12-15); the indwelling Holy Spirit (4:4-6); the Word of God (4:6; 5:10; 2Tim. 3:16; 2Cor. 4:4).

‘False prophets are gone out into the world’ seven ways false prophets are known: By outward general conduct (Matt. 5:20; 6:1-24; 7:15; 23:1-33; 2Tim. 3:5); by inward state (Matt. 5:22, 28; 7:15; 23:25-28; Mark 7:21-23); by the kind of fruit in works produced (Matt. 7:16-20; 23:1-24; 2Cor. 11:13-15; Php. 1:15-17; 3:3, 17-19); by the kind of fruit in doctrine taught (Matt. 7:16-20; 12:33-37; 15:1-9; 16:12; 23:1-33; 1Tim. 4:1-6; 6:3-5; 2Tim. 3:1-8; 4:1-4; 2Pet. 2:1-22); by professing to do, not doing the will of God (Matt. 5:20; 7:21; 23:1-33); by satanic backing (Matt. 7:22; 24:24; Acts 8:9-13; 13:6-13; 16:16-24; 2Cor. 11:13-15; 2Thess. 2:8-12; Rev. 13:1-18; 16:13-16; 19:20); by their destiny (Matt. 7:23; 25:41, 25:46; 2Cor. 11:13-15; Rev. 19:20; 20:10-15).

‘Hereby know you the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God’ every spirit inspiring any teacher to deny the incarnation, His passion, death, physical resurrection, and physical ascension to heaven is not of God and is antichrist (4:2-3). Anyone against Christ is anti-Christ.

‘And even now already is it in the world’ satan who will produce the future Antichrist is now in the world (2Thess. 2:1-12). He already is producing many antichrists (2:18-22).