The Lord’s Supper

1Corinthians 11:23-27 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do you, as oft as you drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as you eat this bread, and drink this cup, you do show the Lord’s death till he come. Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. 

‘I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you.’ This was by direct revelation from Jesus Christ to Paul (11:23-34; Gal. 2:2).

‘Betrayed’ [Greek: paradidomi] delivered (11:2, 23; John 18:30; Acts 3:13; Rom. 8:32).

‘This is my body, which is broken for you.’ This is a symbol of Christ’s body. As this bread is broken, so His body was marred and scourged for us (Isa. 52:14; 53:4-5; 1Pet. 2:24). This bread was leavened – for He took our sins upon Him.

‘This do in remembrance of me’ – This is a memorial of Jesus until He comes (11:24-26). After He comes it will be observed in the kingdom (Luke 22:16, 18-20, 30; Matt. 26:29).

‘This cup is the new testament in my blood’ – This is a symbol of Christ’s blood, which is shed for many for the remission of sins (Matt. 26:28; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:20; Acts 20:28; Rev. 1:5; 5:10; 1Jn. 1:7). It symbolizes His blood that seals the new covenant which is based upon better promises (Heb. 8:6; 9:15-22).

‘As oft as you drink this cup, you do show the Lord’s death till he come.’ As oft – daily (Acts 2:46), weekly (Acts 20:7), or anytime you do this you show forth the Lord’s death till He comes again (11:25; Luke 22:19).

‘For as often as you eat this bread, and drink this cup, you do show the Lord’s death till he come.’ This is the 10th New Testament prophecy in 1 Corinthians. This again emphasizes that the Lord’s Supper can be taken at any time. Set laws in congregations that it has to be taken every Sunday or only once a year is man-made and without scriptural authority.

‘Unworthily’ [Greek: anaxios] irreverently; unworthy; unfit (11:27, 29).

Eight ways to partake unworthily: By taking the Lord’s Supper in envying and strife (11:18). By taking it to commemorate a mere historical fact, as the Jews celebrated the Passover (11:19). By taking it in gluttony and drunkenness (11:21-22). By taking it in irreverence to God and His congregation (11:22). By taking it in disrespect to the poor and needy (11:22). By taking it in unbelief, not realizing its true significance, and not discerning the Lord’s body and blood to receive the benefits by faith (11:27-30). By taking it as an unsaved man with sin in the life and without making proper confession and acknowledgement of personal needs (11:27-30). By taking it without judging oneself so as to escape chastening from God (11:31-32).

The Parable of the Pearl of Great Value

Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls:  Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it. Mat 13:45-46 KJV

The kingdom of Heaven, is “like” a pearl, thus the “realm of profession,” which should always be understood in connection with things on Earth. The mystery of the kingdom of Heaven here is that of the true Church. The parable of the treasure exemplifies Israel in relation to the kingdom of Heaven. In that parable Israel is pictured with an earthly calling and hid in the world so that it had to be bought in order to get the treasure, but in this parable the pearl is bought without buying the world, for the calling of the Church is heavenly. The sons of God (the wheat) are the true children of the kingdom and make the present Church, but the sons of the devil (the tares), who profess to be children of the kingdom, are also in the “sphere of profession,” endeavoring to counteract God’s purpose in the kingdom. This parable emphasizes the fact that the Church is not the kingdom of Heaven. It is only a part of the kingdom of Heaven.

The man illustrates Christ, as in all the preceding parables. Mt. 13:3, 24, 37, 44 and the pearl illustrates the true Church that Christ gave all for in order to buy it and redeem it to Himself. Eph. 5:25-31  The great price illustrates the treasure of Heaven that God had to give in order to get the human race redeemed from the devil. Jn. 3:16; 6:51; 10:11, 18; 19:30; 1 Cor. 6:20; 1 Pet. 2:24; Rev. 5:6, 9; 12:11  Pearls are sometimes formed by the introduction of a foreign body, possibly a grain of sand, into the muscular structure of an oyster, which secretes a substance about the sand, layer after layer, until a beautiful pearl is formed. This is a wonderful picture of the gradual formation of the body of Christ. 1 Cor. 10:17; 12:12-28; Eph. 2:14-22; 4:11-16; 5:25-31

For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.  1Cor. 10:17 KJV