1Corinthians 12:1-6 Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant. You know that you were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols, even as you were led. Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calls Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord. And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which work all in all.
‘Spiritual’ [Greek: pneumatikos] Literally, things of the Spirit.
‘You know that you were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols, even as you were led.’ Previous to conversion they were carried away with passions into senseless worship of dumb idols designed to excite and gratify their animal appetites, just like most religious people of today.
‘Accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.’ It was a practice among the Jews to call Jesus anathema, accursed – one so abominable as not fit to live on earth. It was an early practice among heathen persecutors to force believers to call Jesus accursed. No man speaking by the Holy Spirit will ever do so, and no man can call Jesus Lord but by the Spirit.
‘Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.’ Work of the Divine Trinity (12:4-6): Spiritual gifts by the Holy Spirit; administrations by Jesus Christ; operations by God the Father.
‘Same Spirit’ – Ten ministries of the Holy Spirit: He glorifies Jesus (12:3; John 16:13-14); He inspires manifestations (12:7, 11); He forms the body of Christ (12:13); He energizes believers (12:13); He imparts love (13:1-13; Rom. 5:5); He speaks mysteries in tongues (12:10; 14:2, 13-19, 21-23, 26-28); He interprets mysteries of tongues (12:10; 15:5, 13, 26-28); He edifies by prophecy (14:3-31); He edifies believers in tongues (12:4); He gives gifts to believers (12:8-10; Rom. 12:6).
‘Administrations’ [Greek: diakonia] services; ministries; offices. They are all by the same Lord Jesus Christ (Eph. 1:22; 4:11).
‘Operations’ [Greek: energema] workings or operations. Only used in 1Corinthians 12:6 and 10. All of these are under the control of the same God who is head of all (12:5; 11:3; 15:28; Heb. 1:1).