Peace

John 14:27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world give, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid. 

As the Prince of Peace (Isa. 9:6), Jesus leaves us with His peace that passes all understanding. We must permit this peace to garrison or keep our hearts and minds through Jesus Christ (Php. 4:7). Start with renouncing all worry and then by prayer, supplication, and thanksgiving, make all your requests known to God (Php. 4:6; Jas. 4:7). We must always think on the right things (Php. 4:8) and keep our minds stayed on God (Isa. 26:3). Use the weapons of spiritual warfare (2Cor. 10:4-6) when the enemy attacks your mind and put on the whole armour of God so that you are able to stand against the wiles of the devil (Eph. 6:10-18). Have faith in God (Matt. 6:25-34; 7:7-11; 17:20; 21:22; Mark 11:22-24) and live and walk in the Spirit (Gal. 5:16-26; Rom. 6:14-23; 8:1-13). Do not cast away your confidence in Him (Heb. 3:6, 12-14; 6:11-12; 10:19-23, 35-39) but cast all your cares upon God (1Pet. 5:7).

According to 2 Timothy 1:7 God has not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, love, and of a sound mind. He gave us a Spirit of boldness (Rom. 8:15); a Spirit of power (Luke 24:49; Acts 1:8; 1Cor. 16:10; 1Tim. 4:14); a Spirit of love (1Cor. 13:4); and a Spirit of a sound mind, understanding, and judgment (Gal. 5:22-23). The spirit of fear mentioned here is the Greek word deilia meaning cowardice. When we do fear we lose our power, love and sound mind. That’s why your mind becomes frenzied in fear or with worries. This is one of the first stages of backsliding. What you fear will come over you. You give permission to fear to manifest it in the physical reality. That is the enemy’s greatest power against all men. He brings the thought, we think upon it and make it ours and it will come to pass (Job 3:25).

‘Power’ the Greek word dunamis means a power to reproduce itself, implying the need for constant activity and use for continued reproduction. From this word, we get our English dynamo and dynamics – the branch of mechanics dealing with the principles of motion or active operation. Just as a dynamo needs to be in motion to produce power, so one needs to stir up into flame the gift of God in his life (2Tim. 1:7; 1Tim. 4:14).

Keep His Commandments

John 14:20-26 At that day you shall know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you. He that has my commandments, and keep them, he it is that love me: and he that love me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him. Judas said unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou will manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world? Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him. He that loves me not keep not my sayings: and the word which you hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me. These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you. But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. 

‘At that day you shall know’ the disciples knew after Jesus was resurrected that He was in union with the Father. ‘I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.’ This passage refers to being in union with, being consecrated to the same end – one in mind, purpose, and life.

Not only must we have His commandments, but we must also keep them = obey them. We have to follow Christ, not only at the beginning of a Christian experience but daily and throughout life. When we live in obedience to the Word, God will know that we love Him and we shall be loved by the Father. Jesus will also love us and manifest Himself to us. This is a promise to each believer (John 7:37-39; 14:12-15; 15:16).

Judas, one of the apostles, who was the brother of James (Luke 6:16; Acts 1:13) and who was also called Lebbaeus and Thaddaeus (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18), asked Jesus how He will manifest Himself to them and not to the world?

Jesus answered that someone who loved Him, will obey His Word and by doing so allow the Father’s love and They will be with you in union as they are made alive to others through your life that must be according to Biblical standards as given in 1 Peter 2:21-23.  Someone who does not obey God’s Word loves Him not and rejects the Word from the Father. The plural pronouns of this verse assert the unity in work and omniscient abiding of both the Father and the Son. This refers to the time when He would leave them and after the glory would be restored to Him (John 17:5). Now He is omnipresent, but in the days of His life on earth, He was localized as all other human beings and limited in knowledge and other powers.

The Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in Jesus’ name, shall teach us all the things written in the Word, and bring them to our remembrance. This is the 34th New Testament prophecy in John fulfilled and being fulfilled. The Holy Spirit is called ‘Comforter’ in John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7, and ‘Advocate’ in 1Jn. 2:1. It means one called to the side of another for help or counsel. The Spirit is our Paraclete or Helper on earth and Christ is the Paraclete or Helper in heaven.

The Holy Spirit Promised

John 14:15-19 If you love me, keep my commandments. And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it sees him not, neither knows him: but you know him; for he dwells with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. Yet a little while, and the world sees me no more; but you see me: because I live, you shall live also.

If you love Jesus, keep His commandments. Be a doer of the Word and not just a hearer. (Jas. 1:22) Live in obedience to the Word.

‘And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you …’ The 33rd New Testament prophecy in John fulfilled and being fulfilled. Jesus became the Mediator between God and man (1Tim. 2:5), and through His mediation and intercession, all blessings of grace shall come to us (Rom. 8:34; Heb. 7:25). ‘Another’ not Christ, but another divine person – the Comforter is the Holy Spirit who is our helper.

‘Abide with you for ever’ for those who stay in Christ, there will always be access to the Holy Spirit who is the one that convinces of sin and reminds us of the Word as long as we don’t quench Him (1Thess. 5:19) or grieve Him (Eph. 4:30) by living in sin. He is the Spirit of the truth because He teaches the Truth [the Word]. The world – unsaved – cannot receive Him. Therefore, all men do not have the Holy Spirit (Rom. 8:9, 14-16; Gal. 4:6; 1Cor. 3:16-17) because they refuse to “see” or understand Him (1Cor. 2:14) or become acquainted with Him by receiving the gospel and permitting His work in their lives (John 1:12; 3:5, 16-20, 36; 5:24; 16:7-15).

‘You know him’ You disciples know the Holy Spirit or have experienced Him, for He dwells in you in a measure and He shall come into your lives in all fullness when you are baptized in the Spirit [that happened about 50 days later]. (John 7:37-39; Luke 24:49; Acts 1:4-8)

The word ‘with’ in verse 17 is the Greek word para which means beside, alongside of, proving that the Spirit was with the disciples. He was even “in” them (Matt. 10:1-8, 20; cp. Mark 6:7-13; Luke 9:1-10; 10:1-20). If He was in them and yet shall be in them it could only refer to receiving the Spirit in greater, baptismal measure as Christ had (John 3:34). Christ came to give all disciples this fullness of the Spirit (Matt. 3:11; John 1:31-33; 7:37-39; Luke 11:13; 24:49; Acts 1:4-8; 2:16-21, 33, 38-39; 5:32; Gal. 3:14). The doctrine of interpenetration does not mean physical entrance into, but union with, so the idea is that there is a measure and a fullness, a partial union with and a complete union with the Spirit.

‘Comfortless’ is the Greek word orphanos. Disciples of a particular teacher were called his children and upon his death, they were considered orphans. Christ calls His disciples children (John 13:33) and now promises that He will not leave them orphans.

‘I will come to you’ He did so as promised after His resurrection (John 20:1-31; Acts 1:3). ‘Yet a little while’ it was about 20 hours when He would be taken down from the cross. Because He was resurrected they will also one day be resurrected. His resurrection will be a pledge and proof of ours (1Cor. 15:1-58).

Greater Works

John 14:8-14 Philip said unto him, Lord, show us the Father, and it suffices us. Jesus said unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how say thou then, Show us the Father? Believe thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwell in me, he does the works. Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works’ sake. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believe on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father. And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it. 

Philip asked the Lord to show them the Father, but Jesus explained that by knowing Him, the Father is also known to them.

‘In the Father, and the Father in me’ This speaks of union with, not physical entrance into. The Bible does speak of the Corinthians and Philippians being in Paul’s heart (2Cor. 7:3; Php. 1:7); God being in Christ (2Cor. 5:19); Christ being in God (John 14:20); God and Christ being in each other (John 14:10-11); men being in both the Father and the Son (1Jn. 2:24); men being in Christ (2Cor. 5:17); men and the Spirit being in each other (Rom. 8:9); Christ being in men (Col. 1:27; Rom. 8:10); man and Christ being in each other (John 14:20); all creation being in God (Acts 17:28); and satan entering into men (Luke 22:3; John 13:27). However, these passages refer to being in union with, being consecrated to the same end – one in mind, purpose, and life. They do not teach physical entrance of one being into another. It may be best understood by a man and woman becoming one in life together, being in each other’s plans, life, etc.

‘Works’ refers to His miracles, healings, signs, wonders, and mighty acts of power (Matt. 11:20-23; 13:54-58; 14:2; John 5:20, 36; 9:3; 10:25, 32). His works consisted of healing all manner of sickness and disease, casting out devils, raising the dead, cleansing lepers, and doing innumerable acts of deliverance from all the works of satan (Matt. 4:23-24; 9:35; Acts 10:38). He controlled the elements, multiplied food, walked on water, restored a severed ear, turned water into wine, accomplishing anything He undertook to do in the material and spiritual realms.

‘Shall he do also’ the promise here is that each believer can be endowed with power (Luke 10:19; 24:49; Acts 1:4-8) and receive the Spirit without measure (John 7:37-39), so he can do all the works of Christ and even greater works than what He did. To make this a promise of spiritual works only when He did material and spiritual works is a poor excuse for unbelief. To make it refer to saving souls is to ignore facts because He did this also. To limit it to the works of the apostles will rob other believers of the benefits of the promise.

‘Greater works’ The thought is that each believer can have equal power with Christ to do what He did as well as greater things if and when the occasion requires it. Reasons for greater works: satan was cast out (John 12:31) and defeated on the cross (Col. 2:14-17; 1Pet. 2:24). Redemption was completed (John 19:30; Col. 2:14-17; 1Pet. 1:10-12) and Spirit baptism came after Jesus was glorified (John 7:37-39; Acts 1:4-8; 2:33). Christ now intercedes for believers (Rom. 8:34; Heb. 7:25). Completed victory over death, hell and the grave (Heb. 2:14-15; Rev. 1:18; Col. 2:14-15). The fullness of grace is now possible in Christ (John 1:17; Col. 2:10).

‘That the Father may be glorified in the Son’ this is the purpose of the Christian’s power of attorney. It glorifies God to answer all prayers and save, heal, and bless all people materially, but He cannot do so unless they “ask in faith, nothing wavering” (Heb. 11:6; Jas. 1:5-8; Mark 11:22-24).

The Truth and the Life

John 14:1-7 Let not your heart be troubled: you believe in God, believe also in me. In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also. And whither I go you know, and the way you know. Thomas said unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest; and how can we know the way? Jesus said unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man come unto the Father, but by me. If you had known me, you should have known my Father also: and from henceforth you know him, and have seen him. 

 ‘You believe in God, believe also in me’ Believing in God is no proof that you are justified by faith alone, for even devils believe without justification. (Jas. 2:19) This trust is to have confidence that God will do all that He says and we must live in obedience to all that He commands.

The 32nd New Testament prophecy in John that is unfulfilled: ‘In my Father’s house are many mansions … I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there you may be also.’ This will be fulfilled at the rapture (1Thes. 4:16; 1Cor. 15:23, 51-58; Php. 3:21; Col. 3:4; Eph. 5:27). At this time He will receive to Himself all the dead and living in Christ who will come back to earth with Him 7 years later at the second coming for the Battle of Armageddon (Zec. 14:5; Jud. 1:14; Rev. 19:11-21). Since Christ is in heaven, that is where we are to go at the rapture (Acts 1:11; Eph. 1:20; Heb. 8:1; 9:24).

‘House’ Greek word oikia: dwelling place. The Father’s dwelling place is Heaven (2Cor. 12:1-4; Rev. 4-5; Eph. 1:20; Heb. 8:1; 9:24; Acts1:11).

‘I am the way’ Christ Is a Sevenfold Way: The only way to God (Matt. 7:14; John 10:1, 7, 9; 14:6); the way of escape (1Cor. 10:13); the way into the holiest (Heb. 9:8-15; 10:19-23); the new and living way (Heb. 5:9; 10:20); the way of truth (2Pet. 2:2); the right way (2Pet. 2:15); the way of righteousness (2Pet. 2:21; 1Cor. 1:30).

‘Truth’ This word is used by Jesus in John 22 times. He is the truth of God that sets free (John 8:32-36). He is the teacher and source of truth (Matt. 22:16; Mark 12:14; John 1:14, 17). The word is often quoted: “the truth shall make you free” (John 8:32) by the world, but without knowing the Truth [having a relationship with Jesus] there shall be no freedom.

‘Life’ This word is used 44 times in John. Christ is the only source of eternal life.

‘No man come unto the Father, but by me’ There is no other way to salvation, but through Christ Jesus. “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.” (Acts 4:12) “For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.” (Eph. 2:18) If you know Christ, you also know the Father; and if you are known by Christ, the Father knows you!

Peter’s Denial Foretell

John 13:36-38 Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Where I go, thou cannot follow me now; but thou shall follow me afterwards. Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake. Jesus answered him, Will thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice. 

The 30th New Testament prophecy in John that is fulfilled: ‘Where I go, thou cannot follow me now; but thou shall follow me afterwards.’

Peter wanted to know just why He could not follow Jesus now. He was willing (so he said) to die and go along with Him now. Christ knew Peter better than he knew himself, so made a prediction that proved it.

Peter’s answer to Jesus was that he was ready to go with Him, both into prison and to death. (Luke 22:33) This kind of pride and boastfulness was the cause of Peter’s downfall (Pro. 16:18). Such is likely to happen to anyone who does not take heed (1Cor. 10:12-13).

The 31st New Testament prophecy in John that is fulfilled: The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.’ This prophecy seems to have been uttered more than once: in the upper room (John 13:38; Luke 22:34) and once after leaving it (Mat. 26:30-35; Mark 14:26-32).

In Luke 22:32 Jesus said the following to Peter: “But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fails not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.” This does not mean that Peter had not been converted, for he had been and had served God for over three years. It simply refers to the fact that he was headed for a fall, and that he would come back to God and be reconverted becoming stronger than before. This is not the case with all men that fall into pride.

A New Commandment

John 13:31-35 Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him. If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him. Little children, yet a little while I am with you. You shall seek me: and as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, you cannot come; so now I say to you. A new commandment I give unto you, That you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this shall all men know that you are my disciples, if you have love one to another. 

The 29th New Testament prophecy in John that is fulfilled: Jesus said that He was glorified by being appointed to save the world and the Father is glorified in Him saving the world. The Father and Jesus are glorified together in seeing Their ruined work redeemed and restored.

Jesus warned that He was there with them for only a short time and then they will seek Him, but cannot follow where He goes. Jesus was with them for one more day before the crucifixion, and He remained dead for 3 whole days. Then they could see Him for 40 more days and no more after that (Mat. 12:40; Acts 1:3, 11). He said this to the Jews (John 7:34; 8:21), and to His disciples: when He did finally go they cannot follow Him, but He will come back for them at a later time (John14:1-3).

‘New’ the Greek word kainos meaning renewed. This is the same as the old commandment in Leviticus 19:18, “Thou shall love thy neighbour as thyself.” The renewed commandment here has an additional part, “as I have loved you.” Christ more than fulfilled the Mosaic precept. He not only loved His neighbour as Himself, but He loved him more than Himself, for He laid down His own life for others. In this, He called upon His disciples to follow Him: to be ready on all occasions to lay down their lives for each other and for enemies, if it would save them from hell (Rom. 5:8-11). This surpassed by far the moral systems of all religions. No system ever prescribed anything so pure and unselfish.

Christ explained to them, that they have been ambitious, envious, and at strife for supremacy. This cannot be. They must love as He loves. By this shall all people know them to be Christians. Disciples of different teachers were known by their habits, or some particular creed or rite; but the Disciples of Christ were to be known by the love they had for one another (1Jn. 3:11-18; 4:7-21).

One of You Will Betray Me

John 13:21-30  When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spoke. Now there was leaning on Jesus’ bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved. Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spoke. He then lying on Jesus’ breast said unto him, Lord, who is it? Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon. And after the sop satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly. Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him. For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor. He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night. 

After Jesus washed the disciples’ feet, Judas was still with them, having his feet washed along with the rest. The 27th New Testament prophecy in John, that is fulfilled: Jesus said that one of them shall betray Him.

The disciples looked to one another, doubting of whom Jesus spoke. Judas was not suspected. They had absolute confidence in him and Judas must have been a good actor as well as demon-inspired to go through this ordeal of pretending such innocence. Were not these dealings of Jesus to break him if possible and bring him to repentance?

John, the writer of this gospel was known as the one whom Jesus loved, was leaning on Jesus’ bosom, sitting close by Him. Peter asked John to hear from the Lord who the one was that would betray Him. The 28th New Testament prophecy in John that is fulfilled: Jesus answered that it is he to whom He gave a sop after He dipped it.

‘Sop’ is the Greek word psomion meaning a morsel. It was a portion of the paschal supper, collected in the fingers, dipped in the sauce, and handed to one of the guests. It was a mark of honour for the guest who received it. The Lord had appealed to the conscience of Judas, and now He appealed to his heart, but it was too hard to respond. Judas must have been on the left of Jesus so he could take it from Him.

Satan had put it in Judas’s heart before this and the deal was already made (Mat. 26:14-16). Judas hardened his heart at the last appeal of Jesus, so now he was open for satanic control. Jesus now knowing that Judas had submitted to satan and that further appeal was useless, dismissed him for the work he was to do. Satan entering into Judas simply means Judas submitted to satan’s temptation to betray Jesus. He became one with satan, like men become one in spirit with God when joined to Him in consecration (1Cor. 6:17).

Judas Became a Betrayer

John 13:18-20 I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eats bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me. Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, you may believe that I am he. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receives whomsoever I send receives me; and he that receives me receives him that sent me. 

The ‘all’ of verse 18 refers to Judas again (vv. 10-11). Jesus prayed all night for the will of God concerning whom He should choose (Luke 6:12-16) when He chose His disciples. He chose Judas, not as a wicked man, nor that he should become such; but He foresaw that he would not remain true to Him, and would deliver Him into the hands of His enemies and bring ruin upon himself. Jesus even tried to prevent this, but Jesus would not listen.

The 9th Old Testament prophecy in John which is fulfilled. Eating bread with Jesus made the crime of Judas all the more sinful, for in the East it is a custom that eating bread with an enemy makes you friends and rights of hospitality cannot be broken. It seals the bond of mutual friendship, kindness, and protection of each other.

Plenty of facts are mentioned about Judas in the Word: he was an apostle (Matt. 10; Mark 3:13-19); he was filled with the Spirit (Matt. 10:20); he was ordained to teach (Mark 3:13); and ordained to heal (Mark 3:13-14); he was endowed with power (Matt. 10:1-8); a successful teacher and healer (Mark 6:7-13; Luke 9:6,10); he baptized others in water (John 4:1-2); and was a possessor of eternal life (John 17:2 with v12); he was a saved man and had his name in the book of life (Acts 1:20 with Ps. 69:25-28; cp. Luke 10:20 with Mark 6:13); he was a familiar friend of Christ (Ps. 41:9) and trusted by Christ (Psalm 41:9). Since Christ knew what was in men (John 2:25) He knew Judas could be trusted like any saved man until he falls. He was not an enemy of Christ, not one that hated Him, but an equal in grace, a guide, and an acquaintance who counselled and fellowshipped with Him (Ps. 55:12-14). Later, he became a thief (John 12:4-6), an adversary (John 6:70), and unclean (John 13:10-11), and “by transgression fell” like all backsliders (Acts 1:25; Mark 14:21)

‘Lifted up his heel’ A reference to an ill-natured horse that sometimes kicks even the person who feeds and cares for him.

Jesus Washes the Disciples’ Feet

John 13:1-17 Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end. And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him; Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God; He rises from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself. After that he pour water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded. Then come he to Simon Peter: and Peter said unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet? Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou know not now; but thou shall know hereafter. Peter said unto him, Thou shall never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me. Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head. Jesus said to him, He that is washed need not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and you are clean, but not all. For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, You are not all clean. So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know you what I have done to you? You call me Master and Lord: and you say well; for so I am. If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; you also ought to wash one another’s feet. For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him. If you know these things, happy are you if you do them. 

‘Before the feast of the passover’ refers to the preparation day for the passover, Nisan the 14th-15th, our Tuesday sunset to Wednesday sunset, the day of the crucifixion. Judas plots to betray Jesus (Matt. 26:14-29; Mark 14:10-25; Luke 22:1-38).

‘End’ to the furthest extent, referring not so much to a period of time, but to readiness to do the most humble service in their behalf.

‘The Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God’ note this statement of His divinity, authority, and coming glory, made just before He humbled Himself to take the place of a slave to wash feet.

‘He rises from supper’ He arose from the supper table when the preparation had been completed and began to wash the disciples’ feet. The reason for this was their argument about who would be “the greatest” among them (Luke 22:24). Earlier He had rebuked this kind of spirit by setting a little child in their midst and stating that they had to become as little children and not seek to lord it over each other (Matt. 18:1-10). He had also rebuked this spirit on other occasions (Mat. 20:20-28; Mark 10:35-45). Years had gone by now and they had not yet learned their lesson on this point. He was seeking to get rid of this passion for worldly honour and dignity which would have wrecked the foundation of the congregations of believers after His death.

They removed their outer robes whenever they worked or slept. ‘Took a towel, and girded himself’ this was the duty of the lowest slave. Some think He began with Judas, so as to meet him with kindness and show how to act toward enemies.

‘Wash’ the Greek word nipto is used that means to wash part of the body and not bapto which means to dip in, immerse, from which we get our word “baptize.”

In verse 7 Jesus said that they won’t understand what He does until afterwards when He explains His actions to them.

Peter didn’t want Christ to do something below His dignity, such as washing their feet. Christ’s answer was that Peter would have no part of Him if he wouldn’t allow the washing. There was something more than mere washing of feet involved. The reason for such an example was to emphasize the absolute necessity of getting rid of self-exaltation among Christians. One must get rid of the spirit of wanting to lord it over all other Christians or he will not be saved. It will damn the soul (Matt. 18:1-8; 23:8-12; Luke 14:7-11; 18:14; 1Pet. 5:1-8).

Peter evidently understood Jesus to refer to spiritual cleansing, so wanted to be completely washed he offered his hands and his head to be washed.

Jews bathed twice to prepare themselves for the passover, and, no doubt, the disciples had done this as well. He that has so bathed needs only to wash his feet of the dust on them from walking between the bath and the supper.

‘You are clean, but not all’ All the disciples were clean from sin except Judas who had permitted satan to use him again. Studying God’s Word washes the mind (renew) and then we can think and act according to the Word.

‘Master and Lord’ this double title was not given except to the most accredited teachers.

‘If I then … have washed your feet; you also ought to wash one another’s feet.’ Jesus explained that if He can condescend to do this for them, then they should be willing to do the lowest service for each other and prefer the least in honour to themselves (Php. 2:1-7). The act of washing feet is given to inspire self-denying acts of kindness to all in need. Literal washing of feet was not practised among Christians as an ordinance until the fourth century. No reference is made of it in any New Testament book, thus not commanded for us to uphold, this was a mere illustration were Christ wanted to teach humility to His followers.