Colossians 1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins 

‘In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins.’ This is the price God paid to manifest His grace and adopt us as sons (1:14; Rom. 3:24-25; 8:23; 1Cor. 1:30; Heb. 12:15; Rev. 5:9-10).

‘Redemption’ [Greek: lutrosis] a ransoming. It is from lutron [a ransom price of redemption; an atonement; a release on receipt of a ransom price; Matt. 20:28; Mark 10:45] and lutroo to redeem (1Pet. 1:18; Luke 24:21; Tit. 2:14) The Greek word apolutrosis means to redeem by paying the price (Ex. 21:8; Gal. 3:13); a deliverance by paying a ransom (1Tim. 2:6); deliverance from the penalty of sin, including forgiveness of sin (1:14; Rom. 3:24; Eph. 1:7, 14; 4:30; Heb. 9:15); and restoration of all creation from the curse (Rom. 8:23).

Man sold himself as a slave to sin and satan. God paid the price of His redemption. Man is now obligated to meet God’s terms of faith, repentance, and service if he wants to be redeemed. The ultimate redemption by atonement is not only to remove all sins but also all sicknesses with complete redemption of body as well as soul (Rom. 8:11, 17-24; Php. 3:21; Eph. 5:27). If God deals with sin now, He also deals with disease as clearly revealed in the whole truth (Isa. 6:10; 61:1; Matt. 13:15; John 10:10).

There are seven steps of gospel redemption: The plan of God to redeem the world by the incarnation of God’s Son (Gal. 4:4; Gen. 3:15; Isa. 7:14; 9:6-7; Matt. 1:18-25). The manifestation of God’s Son in “the fulness of the time” (Gal. 4:4; Dan. 9:24-26; Matt. 1:18-25). The circumstances of His appearing: made of a woman; made under the law; to be a perfect sacrifice (Gal. 4:4-5; John 3:16; Heb. 10:1-18). The redemption by His death (Gal. 4:5; Rom. 3:24; 1Pet. 2:24; Eph. 1:7; Heb. 9:15). The sonship by adoption of all who believe (Gal. 4:6; Rom. 8:14-16; Eph. 1:5). The impartation of the Holy Spirit (Gal. 4:6; Rom. 8:9-16; Gal. 3:14). The heirship of all sons (Gal. 4:7; Rom. 8:14-18; Eph. 1:11; 1Pet. 1:4).

The Word

John 1:1-5 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shine in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not. 

‘In the beginning’ refers to the dateless past (Pro. 8:23) and the Word refers to Christ (John 1:14; Rev. 19:13) and proves His pre-existence (Mic. 5:1-2; Rev. 1:8, 11; 2:8). He is an eternal Being as are also the Father and the Holy Spirit (Ps. 90:1-2; Heb. 9:14). They are the Divine Trinity as described in 1John 5:7. Not only was the Word with God, but He was God and always will be as much divine as the other two members of the Trinity (Isa. 9:6-7; Heb. 1:8-12; Rev. 22:13-16). God created all things by Jesus Christ (Eph. 3:9; Col. 1:15-18; Heb. 1:1-2). Not only were all things created by Him, but redemption of creation is by Him (John 17:2; Col. 1:20). As all creation came by the Son, through the Holy Spirit, so all redemption comes the same way. It was what Christ did on the cross that made it possible for God to redeem through the power of the Holy Spirit (John 3:3-5; Tit. 3:5). When we walk in Christ (1Pet. 2:21-23) who is life and the light of men, we can begin to shine as the light of the world, as a city that is set on a hill that cannot be hid. “Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.” (Matt. 5:14-16).

The Greek word for comprehended is katalambano which means to seize upon; to keep down or under; stop; to catch up within the sense of to discover or detect. It means that the satanic powers of darkness (Eph. 6:12) did not overcome the Word, but that the Word spoiled (conquered) them on the cross (Col. 2:14-17). In John 8:12 Jesus states “I am the light of the world: he that follows me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.”