2Corinthians 9:9-11 (As it is written, He had dispersed abroad; he had given to the poor: his righteousness remained for ever. Now he that ministered seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;) Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which cause through us thanksgiving to God.
‘He had dispersed abroad; he had given to the poor: his righteousness remained for ever.’ This is the 4th and last Old Testament prophecy in 2Corinthians that is fulfilled in Christ’s first coming, quoted in Psalms 112:9.
‘Ministered’ [Greek: epichoregeo] to supply; to aid. Only in 2Corinthians 9:10; Galatians 3:5 and 2Peter 1:11. God is the one who ministers seed to the sower and bread to the eater. Since all this comes from God, and since we cannot exist without Him, He has the right to regulate how it is to be disbursed. It is also God who increases the fruit of righteousness and blesses all sowing and increase of the gospel.
‘Minister’ [Greek: choregeo] same as the word in the note above without the prefix epi-. It is used only here and in 1Peter 4:11. The choregos was the leader of a chorus. It was used by one who defrayed the expenses of the chorus at the public festivals. Here God is represented by providence as leading the grand chorus of all causes and effects – keeping everything in its proper place with all things working in harmony and according to His laws, each dependent on another, and all things dependent on Himself.
‘Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which cause through us thanksgiving to God.’ God increases riches to be used for His glory and the good of people. 2Corinthians 9:9-10 should be read in parenthesis and this verse connected with 9:8.