1Timothy 5:3-7 Honour widows that are widows indeed. But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to show piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God. Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusts in God, and continues in supplications and prayers night and day. But she that lives in pleasure is dead while she lives. And these things give in charge, that they may be blameless. 

‘Honour’ [Greek: timao] respect; revere; reward; support. Translated honour (5:3; Matt. 15:4-8; 19:19; Mark 7:6, 10; 10:19; Luke 18:20; John 5:23; 8:49; 12:26; Acts 28:10; Eph. 6:2; 1Pet. 2:17) and value (Matt. 27:9).

‘Nephews’ [Greek: ekgonos] children; descendants. This shows that a widow indeed was one who had no relatives or friends to support her. Let the children or descendants of any who need support manifest their religion at home by caring for those they are responsible for, and thus repay their parents for bringing them up.

‘Widow indeed, and desolate, trusts in God, and continues in supplications and prayers night and day,’ Fourteen qualifications of a “Widow Indeed”: No children or descendants (5:4). Desolate and in need (5:5). Trusting in God. Living in daily prayer. No pleasure seeker (5:6). Blameless in life and conduct (5:7). At least 60 years old (5:9). Not often married or divorced. Her reputation is one of good works (5:10). She has brought up children. Been hospitable. Served the saints. Relieved suffering. Followed every good work.

‘Pleasure’ [Greek: spatalao] to live riotously, wantonly and in pleasure (5:6; Jas. 5:5).

‘Dead while she lives’ – This proves that death in Scripture does not mean the extinction of being, but separation. This kind of death is separation from God because of sin.

‘Charge’ [Greek: parangello] Translated “charge” (5:7; 1:3; 6:13, 17; Luke 5:14; 8:56; Acts 16:23; 23:22); “declare” (1Cor. 11:17); and “command” (Matt. 10:5; Mark 6:8; 8:6; Luke 8:29; 9:21; Acts 1:4; 4:18; 5:28, 40; 10:42; 15:5; 16:18; 17:30; 23:30; 1Cor. 7:10; 1Thess. 4:11; 2Thess. 3:4, 6, 10, 12; 1Tim. 4:11).

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