1 Timothy 1:5-7 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned: From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain jangling; Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.
‘End’ [Greek: telos] Here it means the design of the commandment is love. The fables and genealogical questions lead to strife and debate, and the dispensation of God leads to love through faith.
‘Charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned.’ Three blessings of love: A pure heart (Matt. 5:8); a good conscience; a faith unfeigned or sincere.
‘Conscience’ [Greek: suneidesis] is joint knowledge of God and man; knowledge of our acts, state, or character as to right and wrong; the faculty, power, or principle which decides the lawfulness of our actions and affections, and approves or condemns them; the moral faculty or sense; consciousness of actions; the eye, judge, and guide of the inner man. Used 32 times. The word “conscience” is not found in the Old Testament.
Twelve kinds of conscience: Awakened (John 8:9); Seared (1Tim. 4:2); Purged (Heb. 9:9, 14; 10:2); Pure (Acts 24:16; 1Tim. 3:9; 2Tim. 1:3); Weak (1Cor. 8:7, 12, 13); Defiled (Tit. 1:15); Witnessing (Rom. 2:12-15; 9:1; 2Cor. 1:12); Good (Acts 23:1; 1Tim. 1:5, 19; 1Pet. 2:19; 3:16, 21; Heb. 13:18); Convicting or healthy (Matt. 27:3); Satisfied (1Cor. 10:25-29); Evil (Heb. 10:22); Perfect (Heb. 9:9).
‘Swerved’ [Greek: astocheo] to miss the mark; to fail. Translated swerve from (1Tim. 1:6); and err (1Tim. 6:21; 2Tim. 2:18).
‘Vain jangling’ [Greek: mataiologia] empty arguments; many words with little sense, and that are not worth hearing (cp. Tit. 1:10).
‘Desiring’ [Greek: thelo] wish or desire; the emotional element that leads to consequent action, and in which the natural impulse is stronger than the reasoned resolve. Translated “will” 174 times; “desire” 16 times; and other ways 15 times. Many today have a passion for titles but not the qualification (2Tim. 3:7).