Romans 10:8-13 But what said it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; That if thou shall confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shall believe in thine heart that God has raised him from the dead, thou shall be saved. For with the heart man believes unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture said, Whosoever believes on him shall not be ashamed. For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
‘The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith’ the gospel is now plain and easy to obey. The doctrine of the death and resurrection of Christ is fully effective to save. It is near you. It is easy to be confessed with your mouth and believed in your heart if you want to be saved (10:8-13). It is the word of faith, and if acted upon (as in Romans 10:9-10), you shall be saved.
‘That if thou shall confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shall believe in thine heart that God has raised him from the dead, thou shall be saved’ – a simple guarantee of salvation.
‘Whosoever believes on him shall not be ashamed’ quoted from Isaiah 28:16; 49:23. He that confides and trusts in the sure foundation is secure and will not make haste or be ashamed (9:33; 1Pet. 2:6).
‘No difference between the Jew and the Greek’ all people are equal in Christ (1Cor. 12:13; Gal. 3:28; Col. 3:11). All races, classes, and sexes are one in Christ and equal in rights and privileges regarding gospel benefits. They make one body with Christ as the head (1Cor. 12:13, 28-31; Eph. 1:20-23; 2:19-22; Col. 3:11). The gulf between Jews and Gentiles, masters and slaves, male and female have been bridged by Christ and the gospel. All Christians are one in unity, in rights, and in privileges as the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are one in unity and not one in person (John 17:11, 21-22; 1Jn. 5:7).
‘Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved’ quoted from Joel 2:32 and Acts 2:21. Believing on Christ and calling upon Him is in effect the same thing (10:9-13). Calling upon God presupposes faith in Him, and if one has faith he will call upon God in all times of need.
‘Lord’ Paul uses the Greek word kurios for the Hebrew Jehovah of Joel 2:32, proving that Jesus of Romans 10:9 is called Jehovah. Thus there was more than one Jehovah in the Old Testament (Gen. 19:24). Compare Psalm 110:1 with Matthew 22:44 and Acts 2:34 were the same Greek word is used of both God and Christ in the Septuagint and the New Testament. It is translated “Lord” 667 times as the equivalent of the Old Testament Jehovah.