Romans 11:28-36 As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sakes. For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance. For as you in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief: Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy. For God has concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all. O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! For who has known the mind of the Lord? or who has been his counsellor? Or who has first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again? For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.
‘As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sakes’ – they are enemies of the gospel, but beloved for the fathers’ sakes. They have been chosen of God to fulfil His plan and they will yet do so. The gifts and callings of God to Israelites still hold good, but they must first come to repentance and fulfil righteousness before being blessed.
‘For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance’ – this not only applies to the gifts and callings of Israel, but to any individual whom God calls or gives a gift. God does not change His mind as if He made a mistake. People may fail Him so that He cannot fulfil such callings with them, but when, if ever, they come back to repentance God holds them to the original obligation to obey Him.
‘For as you in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief …’ Romans 11:30-31 say that as surely as the Jews were once in the kingdom and the Gentiles were not; as surely as the Gentiles are now in the kingdom and the Jews are not; so surely the Jews will be brought back to God and into the kingdom again (Zech. 12:10-13:1).
‘For God has concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all’ this verse concludes the same as Romans 3:19-20, 3:23 and Galatians 3:22-23. The conclusion is that all have sinned (1:18-3:18, 23). All are guilty before God (3:19-20). The law cannot justify anyone (3:20). The law only condemns (3:20). God has provided redemption by faith in Jesus Christ (3:21-26). All boasting is excluded and man is helpless to save himself (3:27). People are justified only by accepting God’s plan of redemption (3:28).
‘Recompensed’ [Greek: antapodidomi] repay. God pays His debts to His creatures.