1Timothy 2:5-8 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity. I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
‘One God’ – One here means one in individuality, not unity (1Cor. 8:6; Eph. 4:4-6). There are three separate persons in the Trinity, and they are also one in unity (John 17:11, 21-22; 1Jn. 5:7; Deut. 6:4).
‘Mediator’ [Greek: mesites] is a middle person to reconciles two parties at enmity – God and man (Gal. 3:20). Christ is the mediator of the new covenant (2:5; Heb. 8:6; 9:15; 12:24). This again is proof that Christ and God are separate Persons, for a mediator is the middle person mediating between TWO other persons who are at enmity with each other.
‘Ransom’ [Greek: antilutron] ransom. Compare with lutron as used in Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45; Titus 2:14 and Hebrews 9:12. Lutron signifies a ransom paid for the redemption of a captive, and antilutron signifies ransom or exchange of one person for another, or the redemption of life for life.
‘To be testified in due time’ – The testimony of the ransom to be given in its own times or in due season.
‘Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and apostle … a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.’ I am appointed a herald, an apostle to teach Gentiles the whole truth.
‘Lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.’ It was a common custom among Jews to lift up their hands in prayer. It was their way of making entreaties and requests. This was to be done without wrath or hatred toward any person; without an unforgiving spirit; and without reasonings and disputings within over what was being prayed for.